How Do You Get Genital Warts? The cause of genital warts is the human papillomavirus (HPV). This is the commonest of all sexually transmitted infections recorded in the United States in line with studies conducted by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
The HPV is not a single virus. Rather, it is composed of over 150 related viruses. Each of the viruses in the group is classified according to HPV type or denoted by numbers.
HPV 6 and HPV 11 are responsible for up to 90% of genital warts. Warts on other parts of the body can be caused by other types of HPV.
Having sex can give you genital warts if the sexual partner is infected by HPV. You can still get the infection even if your sexual partner is not showing any wart or other symptoms of the infection.
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How Do You Get Genital Warts? Risk factors and prevalence
Up to 500,000 to a million of new cases are being diagnosed in the united states of condyloma acuminate on annual basis in line with a report in The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology in 2012.
Other estimate points considered indicated that there is a far lower incidence of genital warts, which is recorded as 360,000 cases on annual basis in line with a report by the CDC.
Genital warts prevalence among men and boys in the United States between the ages of 15 and 39 increased considerably from 2003 to 2009. The prevalence, however, remained stable in 2010 in line with a 2013 report recorded in the American Journal of Public Health.
There had been reports of increase and decrease in the prevalence of genital warts in women of various age groups over the years.
The prevalence has, however, decreased in women and girls between the ages of 15 and 24, probably due to the availability of HPV vaccine, according to the study notes.
Greater chances of having and transmitting genital warts
Those who have the conditions highlighted below have a greater chance of having and transmitting genital warts:
- If you are pregnant
- If you are stressed and also have any other viral infection, like herpes.
- If you are having a weak immune system due to use of medications or you have other health conditions, like HIV/AIDS.
- Drink alcohol or use tobacco
- If you start sexual activity at a very early age or if you have multiple sex partners without protection
- If you have another STD (Sexually Transmitted Disease).